The union of sperm and ova and their implantation in the wall of the uterus leads to the development of the foetus. For the proper development of a foetus, proper nourishment should be provided through the mother and the mother should be free from diseases during the period of conception and gestation. Sterility in females is therefore a result of either the impairment of ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes or hormones controlling the functions of these organs as well as disease of the would be mother.
Defects in the genital organs may be structural(organic) or functional. To correct organic defects surgical measures have to be taken. Functional defects of these organs can be successfully treated by ayurvedic medicines. This condition is called vandhyata inayurveda and generally this is caused by simultaneous aggrevation of all the three doshas.
Phala ghrita is very effective in the treatment of this condition. It is given to the patent in dose of two teaspoonfuls twice daily on empty stomach mixed with milk.
Vanga bhasma (powder of tin prepared by calcination) is the medicine of choice for the treatment of this condition. It is given to the patient in a dose of two grains twice daily mixed with honey.
Silajita is one of the most effective drugs for the cure of sterility. It is given to the patient in a dose of one teaspoonful twice daily.
Bala(Sida rhombifoila) is used both locally and internally for the treatment of this condition. The root of this plant is boiled in oil and milk. It is used with lukewarm water as a douche. This brings about change in the mucus membrane of the genital tract which aids the effective combination of ova and sperm in the uterus. This medicated oil is also used internally in a dose of one teaspoonful in the morning with a cup of milk.
Alkaline and pungent foods should not be taken by persons suffering from sterility. They should be given fruit and sweet things in large quantities.
Excessive fat often results in sterility. In such cases weight should be reduced by regulation of diet and through exercise.