The condition in which the married couple finds it difficult to produce offspring is called sterility. The defect may be either with the male partner or female partner. These defects can be either organic or functional. In males the procreative factor is the sperm. It is produced in the testicles and ejaculated through the male genital organ during sexual intercourse. The production of sperm is regulated by hormones which are secreted by the ductless gland of the body. For the procreation of offsprings the sperm should be active and they should be in sufficient numbers in the semen. Sometimes because of some morbidity, sperm is either absent on the semen(azoospermia) or small in number(oligospermia). In such cases fertilization doesnot take place and the couple doesnot procreate.
Azoospermia in which the sperm doesnot exist in the semen is a very difficult ailment for treatment. But, oligospermia in which sperms are present but they are only few in number or they are not very active, can be treated and cured without much difficulty.
Ashwagandha(Withamnia somnifera) is the drug of choice for the treatment of this condition. The root of this drug is used in medicine. It’s root when fresh produces a smell like that of the urine of horse. Hence it is given the name of asvagandha( asva means horse and gandha means smell). The dried root of this plant doesnot produce any smell, hence it can be taken without much inconvenience. Usually the powder of this root is used. It can either be taken as such in a dose of one teaspoonful twice daily followed by a cup of milk each time, or it can be boiled with milk and taken. To make it palatable it can be mixed with sugar syrup. This preparation is called ashwagandhadhi leha. It becomes a linctus and can be given to the patient in the dose of one teaspoonful twice daily followed by a cup of milk. The alcoholic preparation of ashwagandha is also available in the market called ashwagandharistha. It is given to the patient in a dose of one ounce twice daily after food with equal amount of water.
The other drug of choice in this kapi-kacchu(Mucuna pruriens). It is a creeper which growswild all over the country. The purified seeds of these plants are used as medicine. They are roasted and made into powder. One teaspoonful of this powder is given to the patient twice daily followed by a cup of milk each time.
Makardhawaj is the most important medicine which s commonly used by the ayurvedic physicians for the treatment of this condition. It is prepared by special process through the combination of mercury, sulphur and gold. Two grains of this medicine are given to the patient twice daily on empty stomach mixed with half a teaspoonful of butter and half teaspoonful of sugar.
All these above mentioned medicine, apart from their spermatopoetic and spermatogenetic properties, are very good tonics for the nerves and heart. They donot produce any adverse effect. They however pproduce the sense of warmth in the body. Thus they are more used in the winter season.
Saline, sour, pungent and bitter things are not good for this condition. Food ingredients sweet and astringent are normally administered to the patients. Sweet things like milk, ghee and butter are exceedingly useful. Meat or eggs can be given to the patients in good quantity. Cow’s milk and the ghee prepared from it is considered to be specially useful in the treatment of this condition.
All medicines which produces sperm of better quality in a larger number are usually aphrodisiacs,i.e. they are sex stimulants. The individual should take care not to indulge in sex too frequently. Restrain in sex , as far as possible, is always good for this condition.
This is the ayurvedic cure for male sterility