Plants

Caesalpinia crista(Stem Bark)

PUTIKARANJA (Stem Bark)

Phutikaraµja is the dried stem bark of Caesalpinia crista Linn. (Fam. Caesalpiniaceae); a prickly, shruby climber found throughout India upto an altitude of 1200 m.

SYNONYMS
Sanskrit : Cirabilvah, Phutikah, Prakiryah
Assamese : —
Bengali : —
English : Indian elm
Gujrati : Charela, Kanajho
Hindi : Chilbil, Kanju, Banchillaa, Paapari
Kannada : Tapasigida
Kashmiri : —
Malayalam : Avil, Nettavil
Marathi : Baavalaa
Oriya : —
Punjabi : Chirbil
Tamil : Avali, Aapa
Telugu : Tapasi, Nemalinara
Urdu : —

DESCRIPTION

a) Macroscopic
Bark curved, 0.8 to 1.5 mm thick, dark reddish or nearly blackish in colour with a number of sharp prickles; inner surface light brown to dark brown and smooth; fracture, short; odourless; slightly astringent in taste.

b) Microscopic
Stem bark- T.S. of stem bark consists of layers of radially tiered cork, covered by degenerated dark layers of dead cells of cork, followed by 16 to 22 layers of phelloderm; phelloderm cells are thin walled, parenchymatous; some cells are filled with starch grains that are spherical, variable in size measuring from 1.5 to 5 µm, with a centric hilum; rosettes or prismatic crystals of calcium oxalate also present; stone cells are present in the form of a continuous ring; secondary phloem consists of companion cells, sieve cells; phloem parenchyma and thick walled phloem fibres in groups, traversed by medullary rays; simple, rarely compound starch grains and clusters crystals of calcium oxalate also found in secondary phloem region.
Powder- Light brown, easily flowable, taste-slightly astringent, odourless; shows the presence of simple to compound starch grains composed of 2 to 4 components; prismatic and rosettes of calcium oxalate crystals; cork in surface view, sclereids, phloem fibres, parenchymatous cells contains prismatic and clusters of calcium oxalate.

CONSTITUENTS – Flavonoid, Saponins and Alkaloids.

PROPERTIES AND ACTION
Rasa : Katu, Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Laghu, Ruksha
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu
Karma : sothahara, Bhedaniya, Dipana, Krimighna, sleshmasaNsamana, Anulomana, Lekhaniya, Vishghna, Aparapatana

IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS – Vishnu Taila, Indukanta Ghrita, Pramehamihira Taila

THERAPEUTIC USES – Arsa, svitra, Gulma, Kandu, Kushtha, Prameha, Tvakroga, Udara, Vrana, Pakva-sopha, Slipada, Vataja sula, sula, Mashurika, Amlapitta, sarira-Durgandha

DOSE – 50-100 ml. in the form of decoction.