Foeniculum vulgare

Misreyi consists of dried ripe fruits of Foeniculum vulgare Mill (Fam. Umbelliferae) , an erect, glabrous, aromatic herb, 1-2 m high, cultivated extensively throughout India upto 1830 m and also sometimes found wild, fruits ripen in September, stems cut with sickles and put up in loose sheaves to dry in sun, when dry, fruits are beaten
out in a cloth in sun, cleaned by winnowing and collected.
Sanskrit : Misi, Mishi, Madhuriki
Assamese : Guvamuri
Bengali : Marui, Panmauri
English : Fannel Fruit
Gujrati : Variyali
Hindi : Saunf
Kannada : Badisompu, Doddasompu
Kashmiri : Sanuf, Badnai
Malayalam : Kattusatakuppa, Parinjaeragum
Marathi : Badishop
Oriya : Panamadhuri
Punjabi : Saunf
Tamil : Shombu
Telugu : Sopu
Urdu : Saunf
a) Macroscopic
Fruits, usually entire with pedicel attached, mericarps, upto about 10 mm long and 4 mm broad, five sided with a wider commissural surface, tapering lightly towards base and apex, crowned with a conical stylopod, glabrous, greenish or yellowish-brown with five paler prominent primary ridges , endosperm, orthospermous.
b) Microscopic
Transverse section of fruit shows pericarp with outer epidermis of quadrangular to polygonal cells with smooth cuticle and a few stomata, trichomes, absent vittae, 4 dorsal and 2 commissural extending with length of each mericarp, intercostal with an epithelium of brown cells and volatile oil in cavity, mesocarp, with much reticulate
lignified parenchyma, costae, 5 in each mericarp, each with 1vascular strand having inner xylem strand and 2 lateral phloem strands separated by a bundle of fibres inner epidermis of very narrow, thin-walled cells arranged parallel to one another in groups of 5-7, many of these groups with longer axis of their cells at angle with those of adjacent groups (Parquetry arrangement), endosperm consists of thick-walled, cellulosic parenchyma containing much fixed oil, micro-rosette crystals of calcium oxalate, and numerous aleurone grains upto 5 µ in diameter, carpophore with very thick-walled sclerenchyma in two strands, often unsplit with two strands very close to each Other.
CONSTITUENTS – Essential oil and fixed oil.
Rasa : Madhura, Katu, Tikta
Guna : Laghu, Ruksha
Virya : Shita(Cold)
Vipaka : Madhura
Karma : Anulomana, Balya, Dipana, Vitapittahara, Amadoshahara
IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS – Misreyirka, Paµcasakira Churna
THERAPEUTIC USES – shula, Agnimindya, Kasa, Pravihiki, Raktadosha, Arsas
DOSE – 3-6 g. of the drug in powder form.