Plants

Holoptelea integrifolia

CIRABILVA (Fruit)
Cirabilva consists of dried fruit of Holoptelea integrifolia Planch. (Fam. Ulmaceae); a large, spreading, glabrous, deciduous tree, 15-18 m high, distributed throughout upto an altitude of 600 m and sometimes grown on the road side.

SYNONYMS –
Sansk. : Phutigandha
Assam. : —
Beng. : —
Eng. : —
Guj. : Kanjo, Chirbil, Chirmil
Hindi. : Chirabil, Chiramil, Papri
Kan. : Tapasimara, Chirabilwa
Mal. : Avil, Aval
Mar. : Baval, Vavala
Ori. : Duranja, Karanj, Putikaranj
Punj. : Papri, Chirbid
Tam. : Avil Pattai
Tel. : Nemalinara, Tapazi
Urdu. : Papri

DESCRIPTION –

a) Macroscopic:
Fruit a one seeded samara; light brown, obliquely elliptic or orbicular, 1.5- 2.5 cm wide, 2.5-3.5 cm long, winged and stalked, indehiscent, pubescent, wings reticulately veined.

b) Microscopic:
Fruit shows single layered epicarp having numerous, pointed, unicellular hairs; mesocarp composed of 3-5 layered, oval to polygonal, elongated parenchymatous cells; a few vascular bundles and tannin cells found scattered in this region; endocarp consisting of 2-3 layered, round to oval, sclerenchymatous cells with striations and narrow lumen; perisperm in seed composed of single layered, parenchymatous cells filled with reddish-brown content; endosperm and embryo composed of colourless cells containing oil globules.
Powder – Reddish-brown; shows fragments of thin walled, oval to polygonal parenchymatous cells of endosperm, taniniferous oil globules, unicellular hairs, thickwalled, polygonal, sclerenchymatous cells, polygonal cells of testa in surface view.

CONSTITUENTS – Fixed Oil

PROPERTIES AND ACTION –
Rasa : Tikta, Kashaya
Guna : Laghu, Ruksha
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu
Karma : Pittahara, Stambhaka
IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS – Piyhushavalli Rasa, Gandharvahastadi Kvatha Churna
THERAPEUTIC USES – Chhardi(vomiting), Arsa, Krimi, Kushtha, Prameha.
DOSE – 1-3 g.