Plants

Juglans regia (Cotyledons)

AKSODA (Cotyledon)    
Akshoda consists of dried cotyledons of Juglans regia Linn. (Fam. Juglandaceae); a large deciduous, monoecious tree with tomentose shoots, found throughout the Himalayas upto an altitude of 900-3300 m.

SYNONYMS
Sanskrit : Akshota, Sailabhava, Karparala
Assamese : Akalbasing
Bengali : Aakharotu
English : Walnut
Gujrati : Akharoda
Hindi : Akharot
Kannada : Akrod pappu
Kashmiri : —
Malayalam : Akrottu
Marathi : Akrod
Oriya : Akhrot
Punjabi : Akharota
Tamil : Akrotu
Telugu : Akrotu
Urdu : Akhrot
DESCRIPTION

a) Macroscopic
Cotyledons available in 2-3 cm long, slightly curved, coriaceous, irregularly corrugated, broken pieces, creamish-brown, odour, not distinct; taste, oily sweet.

b) Microscopic
Cotyledon – Shows 1-2 layered, radially elongated, thin-walled, parenchymatous cells, raised stomata with more or less curved guard cells, followed by more or less compressed, collapsed, paranchymatous cells having vascular bundles; under this, indistinct tangentially elongated cells present; endosperm mostly single layered; cotyledons consisting of a wide zone of oval to polygonal, thin-walled, parenchymatous cells, small aleurone grains and fat present in endosperm and cotyledons.
Powder – Cream coloured, shows groups of cells of cotyledon, abundance of round oil globules and rarely vessels.

CONSTITUENTS – Walnut oil and Tannin.

PROPERTIES AND ACTION
Rasa : Madhura
Guna : Guru, Sara, Snigdha
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Madhura
Karma : Vatahara, Kaphakara, Brinhana, sukral, Balya, Vrishya, Vishtambhi, Hridya

IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS – Amritaprasa Ghrita.

THERAPEUTIC USES – Kshata, Kshaya, Vataroga.

DOSE – 10 – 25 g.