Plants

Zizyphus mauritiana (Fruit Pulp)

KOLA (Fruit Pulp)
Kola consists of dried fruit pulp (devoid of seed) of Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. Syn. Z. jujuba Lam. (Fam. Rhamnaceae); a small, evergreen sub-deciduous tree, wild and also extensively cultivated throughout the country and found in Himalayan region upto about 1370 m.

SYNONYMS –
Sansk. : Koli, Badari
Assam. : Vagari
Beng. : Kul Vadar, Vadar, Vadai, Narkolikul
Eng. : Jujube
Guj. : Bor
Hindi. : Desi Ber
Kan. : Borehannu
Kash. : —
Mal. : Lanta, Lantakkura
Mar. : Bor
Ori. : Borakoli
Punj. : Desi ber
Tam. : Ilandai
Tel. : Regi
Urdu. : Ber
DESCRIPTION –

a) Macroscopic:
Pulp pieces irregular in shape, shrunk, with external surface smooth and glossy, 2 mm in thickness, brittle, colour, orange red; odour, not distinct; taste, sour.

b) Microscopic:
Fruit pulp shows single layered epicarp consisting of thin-walled, parenchymatous cells, covered with thin layer of cuticle; mesocarp differentiated into two zones, outer zone consisting of 5-10 layers of rectangular, thin-walled, parenchymaous cells, inner mesocarp consisting of oval to polygonal, thin-walled, crushed parenchymatous cells, most of the mesocarp cells filled with reddish-brown substance, which is tannin when tested; a few fibro- vascular bundles found scattered in this region,
Powder – Orange; shows round to oval, thin-walled, reddish-brown cells of meso carp, slightly thick-walled, polygonal epicarp cells in surface view.

CONSTITUENTS – Vitamin C, Sugars and Minerals.

PROPERTIES AND ACTION –
Rasa : Madhura, Amla, Kashaya
Guna : Guru, Snigdha
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Madhura
Karma : Dipana, Grahi, Rhucya, Vatahara, Pacana

IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS – Dhanvantara Taila, Yavani sadhava

THERAPEUTIC USES – Daha, Raktavikara, Trishna, Aruci.

]DOSE – 3-6 g. (Dried Pulp).