Plants

Lepidium sativum(CANDRASURA)

CANDRASURA
CANDRASURA

Candrashura consists of dried seeds of Lepidium sativum Linn. (Fam. Cruciferae) a small erect, annual herb, about 15-45 cm high, cultivated throughout India.

SYNONYMS
Sanskrit : Candriki
Assamese : Halim
Bengali : Chand Shura, Halim
English : Common Cress
Gujrati : Aseriya, Aseliyo
Hindi : Chansur
Kannada : Allibija, Kapila
Kashmiri : Alian
Malayalam : Asali
Marathi : Ahaliva, Haliv
Oriya : Chandasara, Chandasura
Punjabi : Holan, Taratej
Tamil : Allivirai
Telugu : Adityalu, Aadalu
Urdu : Halim

DESCRIPTION

a) Macroscopic
Seeds, small, oval-shaped, pointed and triangular at one end, smooth, about 2-3mm long, 1-1.5 mm wide, reddish brown, a furrow present on both surfaces extending upto two thirds downward, a slight wing like extension present on both the edges of seed, when soaked in water seed coat swells and gets covered with a transparent, colourless mucilage, taste, mucilaginous.
b) Microscopic
Powder-Cream-yellow with a number of reddish-brown fragments of seed coats,under microscope shows pieces of seed coat, some showing red colouring matter and others with uniformly thick walls, endosperm oily.

CONSTITUENTS – Alkaloids, essential oil, fixed oil and mucilage.

PROPERTIES AND ACTION
Rasa : Katu, Tikta
Guna : Laghu, Ruksha, Tikshna
Virya : Ushna
Vipaka : Katu
Karma : Balapushtivivardhana, Vitasleshmahrit.

IMPORTANT FORMULATIONS – Kasthuryidi (Viyu) Gutiki

THERAPEUTIC USES – Atisira, Hikki, Vitarakta

DOSE – 3-6 g of the drug in powder form.